UN: end illegal collective punishment of Gaza
1) new head of UNRWA calls for end to Gaza siege; 2) 2012, UN and humanitarian agencies make same call.
Palestinian workers salvage building materials near Erez Crossing at the northern border between Gaza and Israel, Beit Hanoun, February 18, 2014. A remote-controlled sniper gun is mounted on a nearby Israeli military watchtower in the border wall. Photo by Ryan Rodrick Beiler/Activestills.org
On first visit to Gaza, UN official calls for end to Israeli blockade
UN news centre
April 17, 2014
On his first official visit to the Gaza Strip, the new head of the United Nations agency assisting Palestinian refugees across the Middle East underscored the need to lift the seven-year Israeli blockade and end the “illegal collective punishment” unleashed on the population there.
“Nothing prepares you for Gaza; no amount of UN humanitarian reports, no amount of newspaper articles, no amount of human rights investigations. None of these can adequately convey what the people here are going through; the profound sense of isolation and the sheer scale and depth of the suffering,” said Pierre Krähenbühl.
The Commissioner-General of the UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) vowed to advocate strenuously to end the blockade Israel has imposed since the Hamas takeover of Gaza in 2007.
Speaking on Wednesday at an UNRWA clinic in Khan Younis, in southern Gaza, Mr. Krähenbühl said the aim of the visit was to express solidarity and support for Palestinian refugees, and to find out the best ways develop UNRWA services to better to help them.
Palestinian boys gesture during a demonstration next to the security fence standing on the Gaza border with Israel, east of Khan Younis, in the southern Gaza Strip, on November 23, 2012. Photo by Said Khatib AFP
He said that his first impression during his visit to Gaza was of the fence: “The first thing of course you see of Gaza is the fence around it; a reminder of the blockade, which as my predecessor pointed out recently, has lasted as long as some of the most infamous sieges of contemporary history, such as the siege of Leningrad. It amounts to an illegal collective punishment and I join UN officials and world leaders in calling for it to end.”
Mr. Krähenbühl added that the deteriorating humanitarian conditions in Gaza were apparent to everyone, and noted that the Agency currently provides aid to some 800,000 refugees in the Strip, as compared to some 80,000 in 2000.
UNRWA currently provides services such as education, health and micro-financing to some 5 million Palestinian refugees and their descendants in the West Bank and Gaza, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria.
One of the few workers who has not been laid off at the Modern Industrial Group’s factory in Rafah, the Gaza Strip, which is suffering from Israel’s export ban Photo by Andreas Hackl/IRIN
By UN news centre
June 14, 2012
As the Israeli blockade of the Gaza Strip enters its sixth year, several UN agencies today joined a group of international charities in unanimously calling for the lifting of the blockade.
“For over five years in Gaza, more than 1.6 million people have been under blockade in violation of international law. More than half of these people are children. We, the undersigned, say with one voice: ‘end the blockade now,’” the 50 organizations and agencies said in a joint statement.
“The government of Israel is facing mounting international criticism for the Gaza blockade and this unanimous statement from some of the most world’s most respected international organizations is likely to increase pressure for the blockade to be lifted,” they added.
Israel imposed the blockade on Gaza for what it called security reasons after the Hamas group, which does not recognize Israel’s right to exist, ousted the Fatah movement from the Strip in 2007.
The UN agencies involved in Thursday’s joint statement are the office of the Humanitarian Coordination/Resident Coordinator for the occupied Palestinian territory, the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), the UN Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women), and the World Health Organization (WHO).
The international aid and development signatories include Amnesty International, CARE International,Medicos del Mundo – España, the Norwegian Refugee Council, Première Urgence – Aide Médicale Internationale, Save the Children and Secours Islamique France.
The closure continues to have a serious humanitarian impact on civilians and perpetuates an unsustainable and unacceptable situation for the population of Gaza.
Later Thursday, in response to questions, the spokesperson for Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said that the UN chief has repeatedly called for the lifting of the blockade, in line with Security Council resolution 1860, which stressed the urgency of and called for an “immediate, durable and fully respected ceasefire, leading to the full withdrawal of Israeli forces from Gaza.”
“He has consistently urged the Government of Israel to allow the free movement of people into and out of Gaza, to further liberalize imports, in particular of construction materials, to allow exports and to maintain a flow of approvals for further reconstruction works,” the spokesperson said. “At the same time, he has also stated that Israel’s legitimate security concerns should be addressed.”
These are all messages that Secretary-General Ban repeated when he visited Gaza in February, he added, while noting that Israel has taken some measures to ease the closure and that the total value of approved UN projects in Gaza – involving materials that require Israel’s approval – now exceeds $365 million.
“The UN will continue its efforts to help improve the conditions of the civilian population and to build a viable economy in Gaza,” the spokesperson said.
On Wednesday, the UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs, Valerie Amos, also called for the blockade’s immediate lifting, citing the devastating impact it has had on the lives and livelihoods of the Strips’ residents.
She said that more than 80 per cent of families in Gaza are dependent on humanitarian aid. In addition, while some steps have been taken to ease the blockade’s impact, Gaza remains subject to severe restrictions on imports, exports and the movement of people, by land, air and sea – which amounts to a “collective punishment” of all those living in Gaza and is a denial of basic human rights in contravention of international law.
Senior UN officials as well as the diplomatic Quartet – comprising the UN, European Union, Russia and the United States – have repeatedly called over the past years for an end to the blockade, stating that while efforts to ease the closure were welcome, a full and immediate lifting was needed.
Northern section of the wall erected by Israel to enclose Gaza.Photo by Reuters.