Against all forms of communal hatred
The Great Berlin Synagogue burning down, November 10th, 1938
75 years after Kristallnacht: minorities in danger
On 9th/10th November 1938, Nazi stormtroopers led a wave of violent attacks on Jewish people and property throughout Germany and Austria, which the Nazis had annexed. During these pogroms, 91 Jews were killed, thousands were taken from their homes and incarcerated in concentration camps, 267 synagogues were destroyed, and some 7,500 Jewish-owned shops were smashed and looted.
The Kristallnacht pogroms presaged attempts to remove Jews from German life completely.
Many Jews left hurriedly to seek refuge in friendly countries, including Britain, but Britain was already in the grip of an “aliens scare”. Newspaper headlines declared: “Alien Jews Pouring In”, and claimed that “Refugees Get Jobs, Britons Get Dole”.
The media accused Jewish asylum seekers of “over-running the country”. Despite wide public revulsion at the violence of Kristallnacht, powerful elements in British politics and business continued to admire Hitler and the Nazi regime.
Supporters of the far-right Golden Dawn party raise flares as they celebrate election results in Thessaloniki. Photo by Grigoris Siamidis/Reuters
75 years after Kristallnacht, racists and fascists inspired by the Nazis continue to attack minorities in Europe. In Hungary neo-fascists target Gypsies and Jews.
In Greece Golden Dawn members and supporters brutally attack migrants and political opponents. Here in Britain, minority communities, especially Muslims, have been targeted in an atmosphere that is increasingly hostile towards migrants and refugees.
Daily Mail: “About half of all mosques and Muslim centres in Britain have been subjected to Islamophobic attacks since 9/11, it has been revealed.”
As Jewish people mindful of this history, we are equally alarmed at continuing fascist violence and the toxic sentiments expressed by many politicians and much of the media against migrants, asylum seekers, Gypsies and Travellers.
We stand shoulder to shoulder with migrants, refugees and asylum seekers in their efforts to live here in freedom and safety, to contribute to society, and be treated as equals. As Jews we stand together with all communities seeking to combat racism and fascism here and elsewhere.
Message from JCORE
Jewish Council for Racial Equality
Tomorrow, 9th November, is 75 years since Kristallnacht.
The statement below, with which JCORE is proud to be associated, reminds us of how much we still need to do combat racism and defend the rights of asylum seekers and refugees today.
Please do help us in this work.
Dr Edie Friedman
Firefighters inspect the remains of a gypsy camp set alight in Naples after a resident was accused of trying to abduct a baby. Photo by Salvatore Laporta/AP
David Rosenberg, Jewish Socialist magazine
Prof Frank Land, 1939 refugee and Kristallnacht witness
Ralph Land CBE, 1939 refugee and Kristallnacht witness
Sheila Melzak, Clinical Director, Baobab Centre for Young Survivors in Exile
Dr Jennifer Langer, Director, Exiled Writers Ink
John Speyer, Director, Music In Detention
Margaret Hodge MP
David Winnick MP
Lord (Alf) Dubs
Edie Friedman, Executive Director, Jewish Council for Racial Equality
Gerry Gable, Editor Searchlight Magazine
Prof Nira Yuval-Davis, Director, Centre for Research on Migration, Refugees and Belonging, UEL
Prof Jacqueline Rose
Prof Francesca Klug OBE, Director of the Human Rights Futures Project
Rabbi Elizabeth Tikvah Sarah
Rabbi Barbara Borts
Judge Laurence Brass, Treasurer, Board of Deputies of British Jews
Miriam Margolyes OBE
Moris Farhi OBE
Anne Karpf, journalist
Bernard Kops, playwright and poet
Michael Rosen, broadcaster and poet
Michele Hanson, writer
Dr Ros Merkin, Writer & Director of Suitcase 1938
Benjamin Abeles, rescued by the Kindertransport in 1939
Ruth Appleton, Santé Project
Martha Jean Baker
George Barratt, Councillor, Barking & Dagenham
N G Benjamin
Prof Haim Bresheeth
Prof Andrew Coleman
Prof Barbara Einhorn
Prof Robert Fine
Dr Ben Gidley
Dr Claudia Gould Hertzmann
Prof Colin Green
Prof Susan Himmelweit
Dr Deborah Hirshfield
Dr Hannah Jones
Dr Brian Klug
Prof Yosefa Loshitzky
Jane Merkin, Executive Producer, Suitcase 1938
Margaret Owen OBE
Dr Daniel Ozarow
Dr Claudia Prestel
Dr Esti Rimmer
Prof Jonathan Rosenhead
Jenny Salaman Manson
Prof Andrew Samuels
Prof Joy Schaverien
Karel Schling, child of holocaust survivors
Mike Scott, Trustee, Nottingham and Notts Refugee Forum
Prof Lynne Segal
Prof Victor Jeleniewski Seidler
Dr Jackie Shimshon
Prof Avi Shlaim
Liz Silver, Notts Disabled People’s Movement
Catharine Claire Stewart
Eva Turner, child of holocaust survivors
Dr Nadia Valman
Dr Karen Worth