Award for Gaza’s champion of human rights – but an execution goes ahead
The PCHR (1), Al Jazeera (2) and Right Livelihood Awards (3) on Raji Sourani and the award; another execution in Gaza, (4).
Raji Sourani, first Palestinian winner of the Alternative Nobel prize, for his unremitting work for human rights in Gaza. in “exceptionally difficult circumstances”.
Alternative Nobel Prize Goes to Palestine for the First Time
PCHR Media release
September 26, 2013
The Swedish Right Livelihood Award Foundation, which offers an award often known as “the Alternative Nobel Prize,” announced granting its 2013 annual Award to Lawyer Raji Sourani, Director of the Palestinian Center for Human Rights, “for his unwavering dedication to the rule of law and human rights under exceptionally difficult circumstances.”
The Award will be presented at a ceremony in the Swedish Parliament on 2 December 2013 to Sourani and three other Laureates: Paul Walker (USA) for working tirelessly to rid the world of chemical weapons; Denis Mukwege (Democratic Republic of Congo) for his courageous work healing women survivors of war-time sexual violence; and Hans R. Herren (Switzerland) for his expertise and pioneering work in promoting safe, secure and sustainable global food. This year, there were 94 proposals from 48 countries.
It is worth noting that this Award is granted to persons who have inspiring works in the issues of health, human rights and social justice. The Alternative Nobel Prize is awarded to persons who work and struggle for a better future in their countries. Two Arabs had already won this Prize: Hassan Fathi in 1980; and Ibrahim Abu al-Eis in 2003.
Raji Sourani is known for being fair and unbiased in highlighting abuses of Palestinians by governments and others.
By Phyllis Bennis and Richard Falk, Al Jazeera
October 02, 2013
Palestinian human rights defenders inside Palestine face particularly daunting challenges. They work in an environment in which every aspect of daily life – walking down the road, sending children to school, looking for work, seeking medical care and more – must be navigated within the strictures of military occupation, disempowerment, siege and apartheid.
There are house demolitions, checkpoints, walls, military attacks, settler violence, arbitrary night-time arrests, road closures, and more. Daily life takes place within an atmosphere of permanent human rights violations, with every Palestinian experiencing, year after year, the ordeal of acute vulnerability, not only personally, but in relation to family, friends, neighbourhood and residency rights.
So the work of documenting, challenging, advocating, and bearing witness to such an array of abuses requires a rare blend of deep commitment, bravery, and perseverance. Under such trying circumstances, the durability and impact of Palestinian human rights defenders is a remarkable expression of one aspect of Palestinian sumud, or steadfastness. It is remarkable in part because the Israeli oppressors have done their best over the years to discredit, intimidate, and punish all those who dare to call attention to the unlawfulness, indeed criminality, of their prolonged occupation and continuous encroachment on the most fundamental of Palestinian rights, that of self-determination.
One of the most durable and effective of these Palestinian human rights heroes is the lawyer Raji Sourani, the founder and director of Gaza’s Palestine Centre for Human Rights.
Just days ago Sourani was honoured by receiving a Right Livelihood Award, known as the “alternative Nobel Prize”, the first Palestinian to be so recognised. The award is a most deserved recognition of decades of dedicated legal work and advocacy on behalf of human rights for the Palestinian people, including his role as the founding director of the PCHR more than 15 years ago.
Inspiring other activists
It should also be noted that there are many other deserving human rights defenders who warrant acknowledgement, among them Raja Shehada, founder of Al Haq on the West Bank that has also done great work over the years, and the brave Issa Ambro who has taken on the settler violence in Hebron, a flashpoint of tensions over the years, and made to pay the price in blood and detention. There is now a whole new generation of human rights lawyers and advocates in Palestine, many who trained under these early predecessors.
What may explain part of both Sourani’s toughness and commitment to human rights and the rule of law, is that he has devoted his career to work in the Gaza Strip, where the rigours of Israeli occupation remain at their harshest despite the spurious claims since 2005 of Israeli disengagement.
As a lawyer his practice has focused almost entirely on defending Palestinians from human rights violations – those facing expulsion, arrest, detention by Israeli military authorities, as well as most significantly, those facing discriminatory or repressive treatment by Palestinian authorities.
To take on Palestinian violations of the human rights of the Palestinian people shows us two features of Sourani’s engagement: that he is a principled defender of all human rights and not solely an anti-occupation activist, and that he has the courage to risk reprisal from the governing authorities who are known to be vindictive. And it should be also noted that Sourani’s Centre in recent years has been sternly critical of Hamas whenever it violates the basic due process rights of Gazans; earlier he was as critical of Fatah when it overstepped the rule of law in its administration of Gaza.
With his unyielding focus on international criminal law, and especially international humanitarian law, Sourani has long made his voice heard in the most influential human rights venues around the world. His professional competence, analytical clarity, and moral passion made him a sought-after speaker, and led to a variety of connections beyond the confines of tormented Palestine. He served as a member of the International Commission of Jurists (ICJ), Vice-President of the International Federation of Human Rights (FIDH), a member of the International Association of Democratic Lawyers (IADL). After his arrest by Israeli occupation forces during the first Palestinian intifada in 1988, he was already internationally enough known to be immediately designated as a “prisoner of conscience” by Amnesty International, a classification reserved for only the most prominent victims of state oppression.
Documenting Israeli abuses
Sourani’s contribution, and that of PCHR, is both similar to and different from that of many other human rights organisations. A major part of their work is to document the human rights violations inherent in Israeli occupation and apartheid policies, including, importantly, economic and social rights as well as civil, political and national rights. Much of that aims to expose – especially internationally – the ubiquity and the very specific violations of international law and international humanitarian law that characterise Israeli repression, including arbitrary arrests, detention without trial, arrest and other mistreatment of children, and severe mistreatment of prisoners and detainees.
PCHR has given special attention to viewing Israeli violations from the perspective of international criminal law, specifically in allegations of crimes against humanity. Sourani and other Palestinian human rights defenders, in contrast to the Palestinian Authority, insisted on pressing as hard as possible for the implementation of the recommendations of the Goldstone Report, which inquired into violations of international humanitarian law in the course of Operation Cast Lead, the Israeli sustained military assault on Gaza at the end of 2008. It was Sourani who again called for an international investigation into the criminality of the Israel military operation in Gaza in November 2012.
Fair and balanced
What may make Sourani’s and PCHR’s work especially credible from an international perspective is the willingness to challenge human rights violations coming from non-Israeli sources – most notably the Hamas government of Gaza and the Palestinian Authority in the West Bank – and doing so without losing the understanding that the Israeli occupation remains the underlying problem. Under Sourani’s leadership, PCHR has criticised Hamas authorities when it relies on repressive practices or inflicts excessive punishment, including the summoning of academics for police interrogation for their allegedly “anti-Hamas” statements, or the brutalised execution of alleged Israeli collaborators. A recent PCHR investigation also exposed and condemned two recent “honour” killings of women allegedly by family members in West Bank villages, accompanied by demands that the PA prosecute those accused with the same vigour as others accused of murder, while respecting their international human right to a fair trial.
Recent developments in Egypt following the coup of July 3 have subjected the people of Gaza to unprecedented hardships. That is something quite extraordinary, considering the burdens already imposed by Israel’s comprehensive blockade in mid-2007, and all but destroying the export side of the Gazan economy. Now, Egypt is destroying the tunnel complex on which Gaza depended to avoid some of the worst effects of the blockade, and has restricted Gazan fishing in coastal waters in a cruel and arbitrary manner.
Hopefully, Sourani’s award will call some attention to this regime that has caused so much suffering for the 1.7 million Gazans, a flagrant violation of Article 33 of the Fourth Geneva Convention that unconditionally prohibits collective punishment, and a standing rebuke to the UN for its failure to implement the Responsibility to Protect norm, which it so proudly proclaims and so inconsistently invokes.
Mobilising the international community
In building the importance of human rights and the rule of law in Gaza, as well as for Palestinians more broadly, Sourani has played an important role in strengthening the fundamental basis of the last decade’s shift in the international mobilisation for Palestinian rights. As Palestinians both inside and outside the occupied territory have moved from an always-contentious, solution-based approach (one state or two states, bi-national or secular) to a rights-based strategy, the work of Raji Sourani and PCHR has been of enormous value. The possibility of a viable, just, comprehensive two-state solution has all but disappeared as a result of the rightward drift of Israeli politics, the massive expansion of Israel’s settlement project that has inserted over 600,000 illegal Israeli settlers into occupied Palestine, the land-grabbing separation wall, along with the unlawful annexation of East Jerusalem.
In response, a recognition of a non-violent, rights-based approach resting on civil society militancy has become far more widespread, encouraging the rapid growth throughout much of the world of a Palestinian human rights and solidarity movement that is becoming reminiscent of the Anti-Apartheid Campaign of the 1980s that was so effective in precipitating the collapse of the racist South African regime.
In such a context, human rights, international law and equality form the core of a global, as well as national, strategy for ending the occupation, ethnic cleansing, denial of the right of return, and apartheid, and above all, for achieving Palestinian liberation and freedom, thereby finally giving content to long denied aspirations and so fulfilling the dream of and the right to self-determination. It is in that context that the decision of the Right Livelihood selection committee to award one of this year’s prizes to Raji Sourani becomes a powerful new tool for all those working towards those goals.
Having worked with Raji Sourani for many years, we can also affirm his human qualities of kindness, warmth, and humour – a love of life that is rather inspiring considering the privations that he, along with the people of occupied and besieged Gaza have experienced for decades. It is this quality of the joy of life that Sourani exemplifies that makes so many of us who have worked closely with Palestinians for many years come away, not with pity, but a sense of exhilaration, and a belief that despite all, justice will triumph in the end.
Phyllis Bennis is a Fellow of the Institute for Policy Studies and of the Transnational Institute in Amsterdam.
Media release, Right Livelihood Awards, Sweden
September 26, 2013
The Jury awards:
PAUL WALKER (USA) “for working tirelessly to rid the world of chemical weapons”.
RAJI SOURANI (Palestine) receives the Award “for his unwavering dedication to the rule of law and human rights under exceptionally difficult circumstances”.It is the first time that a Right Livelihood Award goes to a Palestinian.
The Jury recognises DENIS MUKWEGE (Democratic Republic of Congo) “for his courageous work healing women survivors of war-time sexual violence and speaking up about its root causes”
The Jury awards HANS R. HERREN/BIOVISION FOUNDATION (Switzerland) “for his expertise and pioneering work in promoting a safe, secure and sustainable global food supply”.
It is the first time that a Right Livelihood Award goes to Switzerland.
The 2013 Right Livelihood Awards were announced today at a press conference in Stockholm by Ole von Uexkull, Executive Director, Dr. Juliane Kronen (Germany) and Marianne Andersson (Sweden), board members of the Right Livelihood Award,Foundation.
Ole von Uexkull, Executive Director of the Right Livelihood Award Foundation said:
This year’s group of Laureates secure the fundamentals of human life. They show that we have the knowledge and the tools to eliminate weapons of mass destruction, to secure respect for human rights, to end the war on women in Eastern Congo, and to feed the world with organic agriculture.
The world should not have to live with problems that we know we can solve. These four men, whose vision, courage and commitment we honour today, show what the solutions look like.”
The Awards will be presented at a ceremony in the Swedish Parliament on December 2, 2013, at 4 pm, hosted by the Society for the Right Livelihood Award in the Swedish Parliament.
Founded in 1980, the Right Livelihood Awards are presented annually in the Swedish Parliament and are often referred to as ‘Alternative Nobel Prizes’.
They were introduced “to honour and support those offering practical and exemplary answers to the most urgent challenges facing us today”.
Jakob von Uexkull, a Swedish-German professional philatelist, sold his business to provide the original funding. Since then, the Awards have been financed by individual donors.
This year, there were 94 proposals from 48 countries. From today, there are 153 Right Livelihood Award Laureates from 64 countries.É
October 03, 2013
On Wednesday, 02 October 2013, the Ministry of Interior executed a death sentence against (H. M. ‘A) (28) in the Palestinian Police Headquarters (al-Jawazat). The Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR) condemns the application of the death sentence in the Palestinian National Authority (PNA). PCHR also reiterates that the ratification of death sentences is an exclusive power of the President of the PNA under the Code of Criminal Procedures No. (3) of 2001; the implementation of any death sentences without the President’s ratification constitutes a violation of the law and constitution.
According to information provided by sources of the Public Prosecution in Gaza, on 09 May 2010, the aforementioned defendant was sentenced to death in Case No. (22/2010) after having been convicted of murdering H. H. B. in 2009. These sources added that the same court sentenced the same defendant to life imprisonment on 26 May 2010 in Case No. (174/2009) after convicting him of murdering of a child, (M. M. ‘A.), in 2000 when the defendant was a minor.
On 16 September 2012, the Public Prosecution obtained a judgment from the Court of Appeal. This Court sentenced the aforementioned defendant to death by hanging after convicting him of two willful killings.
On 14 July 2013, the Gaza Court of Cassation confirmed the death sentence by hanging issued by the Court of Appeal.
The number of death sentences implemented by the Government in Gaza since the beginning of 2013 has risen to 3. Thus, the total number of death sentences implemented in Gaza since 2007 has risen to 17, including 8 sentences for collaboration with foreign parties and 9 sentences for criminal crimes (murders). Since the establishment of the PNA in 1994, 30 death sentences have been implemented.
PCHR is gravely concerned over the continued application of the death penalty in Palestinian Authority controlled areas, and:
1. Calls for an immediate moratorium on the use of the death penalty as a form of punishment because it violates international human rights standards and instruments, especially the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966), and the UN Convention against Torture (1984);
2. Calls for reviewing all legislation related to the death penalty, especially the Penal Law No. 74 (1936) which remains in effect in the Gaza Strip, and the Jordanian Penal Code No. 16 (1960) that is in effect in the West Bank, and enacting a unified penal code that is in line with the spirit of international human rights instruments, especially those pertaining to the abolition of the death penalty; and
3. Points out that the call for abolition of the death penalty does not reflect a tolerance for those convicted of serious crimes, but rather a call for utilizing deterrent penalties that maintain our humanity.